Islam is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion which professes that there is only one and incomparable God (Allah) and that Muhammad is the last messenger of God. It is the world’s second-largest religion and the fastest-growing major religion in the world, with Muslims comprising over 1.8 billion followers or 24.1% of the global population.
Islam teaches that God who is merciful, all-powerful, and unique has guided mankind through prophets, revealed scriptures and natural signs. The primary scriptures of Islam are the Quran, which Muslims consider the verbatim word of God, and the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad (c. 570–8 June 632 CE).
Muslims believe that Islam, which actually means Submit, is the complete and universal version of a primordial faith that was revealed many times before through prophets including Adam, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus. They consider the Quran to be the unaltered and final revelation of God. Like other Abrahamic religions, Islam also teaches a final judgement with the righteous rewarded in paradise and unrighteous are punished in hell.
Religious concepts and practices include the five pillars of Islam, which are obligatory acts of worship, and following Islamic law, which touches on virtually every aspect of life and society, from banking and welfare to women and the environment. The cities of Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem are home to the three holiest sites in Islam.
Islam originated in the early 7th century in Mecca, and by the 8th century the Islamic empire extended from Iberia in the west to the Indus River in the east. The Islamic Golden Age refers to the period traditionally dated from the 8th century to the 13th century when much of the historically Islamic world was experiencing a scientific, economic and cultural flourishing.
The expansion of the Muslim world generally involved military campaigns, which led to the creation of various caliphates and empires. The expansion of Muslim trade also led to conversion to Islam by missionary activities.
Most Muslims are of one of two denominations: Sunni (75–90%) or Shia (10–20%). About 13% of Muslims live in Indonesia, the largest Muslim-majority country, 31% in South Asia, the largest population of Muslims in the world, 23% in the Middle East-North Africa, where it is the dominant religion, and 15% in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Sizeable Muslim communities are also found in the Americas, Caucasus, China, Europe, Mainland Southeast Asia, Philippines and Russia. Converts and immigrant communities are found in almost every part of the world.
Related Sections and Pages
Islam is a major threat to Western culture and values as it poses a direct ideological challenge to the Judaeo-Christian, Greco-Roman and Enlightenment ideas upon which Western society is based. Consequently, large sections of the website are dedicated to the study and analysis of Islam as an ideology and there are also articles about organisations and individuals that present a direct threat to Europe and the West. We also have a blog category dedicated to Islam, where we regularly publish analytical posts and news articles about the so-called Religion of Peace.
Significant Muslims Past and Present
Commemorations and Festivals
Islam Around The World
History of the Islamic World
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